Affordable care act supreme court ruling – The US Supreme Court ruled Thursday that the Affordable Care Act, known as Obamacare, remains valid, rejecting claims by a group of conservative states that a recent change to the law made it unconstitutional.
At 7-2, the court held that the challengers did not have a legal position to sue because they did not make it strong enough to show that the law had harmed them. But the decision also suggested that it would be difficult for any challenger to try again on the same legal principle.
Two of the three people appointed by President Donald Trump to the court, Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Connie Barrett, joined the majority opinion, while the third, Neil Gorsuch, disagreed.
Dissenting, Judges Samuel Alito and Gorsuch said the court should take the case and declare it unconstitutional.
Opponents of the law, Texas and 17 other Republican-led states, urged the court to rule that nearly all Americans require Obamacare to obtain health insurance or pay income tax penalties, known as an individual mandate. For this reason, he said, the entire law should be removed.
“Plaintiffs claim that the statutory minimum essential coverage requirement without approval is unconstitutional,” Breuer wrote for the majority of the court, “they also argue that the minimum required coverage requirement is no different from the rest of the law.”, That is, the whole law is invalid.
“However, we do not find these questions about the legality of the law, as Texas and the other plaintiffs in this trial are not in a position to raise them,” he wrote.
President Joe Biden called the court’s decision “a huge victory for all Americans who benefit from this important and life-changing law, including the millions of people already living and those who have lost their lives.” Health insurance in the midst of a pandemic.
“After more than a decade of attacks on the Affordable Care Act through Congress and the courts, today’s decision, the third major challenge to the law that has been dismissed by the United States Supreme Court, continues to move forward and build on this historic It’s time to keep the law,” the president said in a statement.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi acknowledged the decision during a press conference on Thursday as a “historic victory for Democrats’ work to maintain safety for people with pre-existing conditions.”
“Once again, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act and the transformative protection it provides to all Americans, regardless of their coverage,” Pelosi said. “I want to thank grassroots people across the country who worked tirelessly as advocates for the Affordable Care Act, got it passed, saved it, and now, once again, save it.”
Republicans have long opposed the law, former President Barack Obama’s flagship legislation. But more than 20 million Americans now rely on it for their health insurance, and there is widespread public support for requiring that insurance companies cover pre-existing health conditions.
The Supreme Court upheld the health care law for the first time in 2012. The majority opinion, written by Roberts, held that the individual was a legitimate exercise of the financial authority of Congress. But in 2017, the Republican-led Congress reduced the tax penalty to zero.
This prompted red states to argue that because the tax had been effectively removed, the amended law could not be saved as a tax and was therefore an unconstitutional attempt to demand that all Americans be given certain rights. meet. A federal judge in Texas agreed, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in New Orleans upheld that decision.
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But 20 blue states, led by California, asked the Supreme Court to overturn the lower court’s decisions. He said that with the tax penalty at zero, there is effectively no individual mandate, so the law is not unconstitutional. It may encourage Americans to buy insurance, but it doesn’t require anyone to do anything, he said.
Barrett, the most recent member of the Supreme Court, considered a possible vote in agreement with Republican states on the constitutionality of the mandate. In a 2017 Law Review article, he said Roberts’ opinion “pushed the Affordable Care Act beyond its practical meaning to protect the law.”
But Barrett joined the court’s majority on Thursday in dismissing the challenge.
Red states that Congress wanted the health care law to function in a unified form. Restricting insurance companies from denying coverage for pre-existing conditions and allowing young people to live longer with their parents’ policies seemed to work because of the nearly universal mandate to buy insurance. Without a mandate, the challengers said, the law collapses.
But the Blue States said the test to decide whether the rest of the law could be salvaged if part of it were repealed: What did Congress want? He said the answer lies in the 2017 action that made the tax void: Congress upheld the rest of the law.